Quill was a suite of software tools designed to foster an environment for literacy in classrooms. We wrote it in Pascal for the Apple II computer. The software, teacher’s guide, and workshops were used widely, including in village schools in Alaska, which I visited three times during the project in 1983-84. Carol Barnhardt played a major role in setting up that Alaska project and in helping us understand the history and context of schooling in Alaska.
Andee Rubin and I later wrote the book, Electronic Quills, which looks in detail at the stories of early users. 1982-84. The book centers on the words and experiences of teachers and students who used QUILL—a software package developed by the authors to aid in the teaching and learning of writing. It looks in detail at the stories of these early users and considers questions relevant for other teachers, students, researchers, and developers of educational innovations.
Questions posed include:
- What does it mean to develop an environment for literacy in an actual classroom?
- How can a teacher create an environment in which students work together toward meaningful goals?
- How can a teacher promote the rich communication so necessary for developing language?
- What is the role of technology in the practice and development of literacy?
The examination of the QUILL experiences provides a fuller and more revealing account of what it meant to use QUILL than would have been possible through standard evaluation techniques. At the same time, the focus on the particulars also finds analogues in analyses of similar pieces of open-ended software or educational innovations in general.
- Contexts for Literacy Development
- QUILL: A System to Support Literacy Development [summary]
- The Alaska Context (by Carol Barnhart)
- Alternate Realizations of Purposeful Writing. Adapted as
Rubin, A., & Bruce, B. (1990).Alternate realizations of purpose in computer-supported writing. Theory into Practice, 29, 256-263.
- The Alaska QUILL Network: Fostering a Teacher Community Through Telecommunication
- Situated Evaluation
Citation: Bruce, B. C., & Rubin, A. D. (1993). Electronic Quills: A situated evaluation of using computers for writing in classrooms. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. [232 pp.; ISBN 0-805-81168-0]