Reasoning under uncertainty, 1985-91

Reasoning Under Uncertainty was a project funded by the National Science Foundation under its EHR/Applications of Advanced Technology program during 1985-91. The project led to a variety a publications and presentations (e.g., Rosebery & Rubin, 2007; Rubin & Bruce, 1991). Andee Rubin and I were the PIs, but the project eventually involved many other colleagues at Bolt Beranek and Newman, MIT, and local schools in the Cambridge, Massachusetts area.

A centerpiece of the project was the Reasoning Under Uncertainty curriculum, a 285-page guide for teachers at middle-school, high-school, and college levels. We developed the curriculum through extensive work with students at Belmont High School and Cambridge Rindge and Latin High School.


Bruce, Bertram C., & Rubin, Andee (1991). Teacher’s guide: Statistics Workshop. Pleasantville, NY: Sunburst Communications. [71 pp.]

Bruce, Bertram C., & Rubin, Andee (1988). Reasoning under uncertainty. Cambridge, MA: Author. [285 pp.]